jueves, 31 de mayo de 2012

¿Qué hace a unos países ricos y a otros pobres?

Reseña del siguiente libro: Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty que explica y amplia buena parte de las causas del subdesarrollo que estamos viendo en clase. Está en inglés, aunque no deja de ser sumamente interesante.

What Makes Countries Rich or Poor?

Precisamente algo parecido a la conclusión del artículo es lo que he estado intentando explicar con respecto a cómo debe ser la ayuda a estos países.

“Why Nations Fail should be required reading for politicians and anyone concerned with economic development. The authors’ discussions of what can and can’t be done today to improve conditions in poor countries are thought-provoking and will stimulate debate. Donors and international agencies try to “engineer prosperity” either by foreign aid or by urging poor countries to adopt good economic policies. But there is widespread disappointment with the results of these well-intentioned efforts. Acemoglu and Robinson pithily diagnose the cause of these disappointing outcomes in their final chapter: “Attempting to engineer prosperity without confronting the root cause of the problems—extractive institutions and the politics that keeps them in place—is unlikely to bear fruit.”


Mainland Africa’s ‘peanut butter sandwich’ of national wealth. Tropical African countries constitute a thick core between two thinner slices of countries in the north and south temperate zones. All temperate mainland African countries except landlocked Lesotho in the south have average annual incomes above $2,400 (gray), ranging up to over $12,000. All except three tropical mainland African countries—Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Angola— have average incomes below $2,200 (red), ranging down to as low as $170 (Burundi).

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